This is one of the reasons why Rome has a tough time gaining the upper hand in combat and continuation rolls in the GMT game Carthage. The letters denote the battle rating, the black boxed # the equal or less than 1d10 roll (0 is zero) is used for continuations. This puts historically accurate crimps on the Roman Armies forcing a longer attrition based war. The pervasive amount of E rated leaders really hurts in combat. Whereas much of the Carthage leadership will be C rated.
Where as Carthage leaders on the whole are 3’s at worst and 4,5, or sometimes even 6! for initiative, campaign ratings for Carthage are a little more equivalent.